GS4

Ethics and Human Interface

 

Aspirants should learn:

  • How you inculcate it 

  • How you deal with society

  • How do you see whether the action is ethical or not and 

  • What are the principles that you follow to ensure that the action is ethical or not?

Note: Questions may be asked in the part I section

Human Values Aspirants should focus on:

  • How do people acquire values and majority of people acquire values when they read about the personality of importance like freedom fighters

  • Consider a few books about 5-6 of great thinkers whom you admire, like or follow

Note:

  • UPSC may give some statement of any great personalities and would ask to discuss it by applying it to the present context.

  • UPSC does not want thinkers’ point of view but what it looks for is how much the candidate has analyzed, utilized and applied it to the current context.

 

Attitude

Candidates should focus on Attitude: 

  • Content, structure, function, its influence, and relation with thought and behavior for Part 2 of the question paper i.e. Case Study

  • The moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion would be for Part 1 of the Ethics Question Paper i.e. theory.

Note: Question may be asked either in Part 1 or Part 2 i.e. either in theory or case study

AptitudeImportant list of words that a candidate should embed in their answer in order to enhance their answer and score high.

Integrity: not compromising on anything if someone offers your bribe will you compromise

●  Impartiality: Don’t show nepotism either for political parties or the common man

●  Nonpartisanship: no biases for different political parties

●  Objectivity: be neutral

●  Dedication to public service

●  Empathy

●  Tolerance

●  Compassion towards weaker section

Note: Candidates can refer to the ‘Ethics in Governance’ to cover this area as it gives a clear definition of the last five words or concepts including Nolan Committee Recommendations.

 

Emotional Intelligence

Here as an administrator, one has to follow the three procedures of Emotional Intelligence and they are:

●  Understand your emotions and control them

●  Understand others emotions and control them

●  Then, act according to solve the issue genuinely and effectively

Note: Questions may be asked in both Part 1 and Part 2

Ethical issues in international relations 

  • Candidates can take the example of the Nepal Earthquake video how funding aided or any current similar such scenarios

Note: Questions may be asked Part 2 i.e. case study

Sharing and transparency in government, Right to information, codes of ethics, codes of conductCandidates can refer to CCS, 1964 – The Central Civil Services (Conduct) Rules, 1964, which is of 300-400 pages

Citizen’s Charters, Work Culture, Quality of Service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption

  • UPSC may ask direct questions on Citizen’s Charter

  • Candidates should be aware of how to frame a Citizen’s Charter and the rules and regulations that should be followed before framing a citizen charter

  • Questions in Case Study may also be expected