GS2

Indian Constitution

  • Historical underpinnings of the constitution

  • Evolution of the Constitution

  • Salient features

  • Basic structure

  • Amendments

  • Significant provisions

  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the states

  • Issues and challenges related to the Federal Structure

  • Devolution of powers and finances up to local government level

  • Challenges in the devolution of power

  • Separation of powers between various organs of the government

  • Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions

  • Comparison of India’s constitutional scheme with other countries

Governance & Polity

  • Parliament and State Legislatures

    • Structure

    • Functioning

    • Conduct of Business

    • Powers & Privileges

    • Issues arising out of Powers & Privileges of legislative bodies

  • Executive and Judiciary

    • Structure

    • Organization

    • Functioning

    • Ministries and departments of the government

  • Pressure groups

  • Formal & Informal associations and their role in the polity

  • Salient features of the People’s Representation Act

Governance

  • Appointment to various constitutional posts

  • Powers, functions, and responsibilities of various constitutional bodies

  • Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies

  • Government policies and interventions for the development of various sectors

  • Issues arising out of design and implementation of government intervention

  • Development processes and the development of industry

  • The role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

  • Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability

  • e-governance

    • applications

    • models

    • successes

    • limitations and potential

    • citizens charters

    • transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

  • Role of Civil Services in a Democracy

Social Justice

  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by centre and states

  • The performance of welfare schemes

  • Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of vulnerable sections of the population

  • Issues related to the development and management of the social sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

  • Issues related to poverty and hunger

International Relations

  • India and its neighborhood

  • Relations between India and neighbouring countries

  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s Interests

  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

  • Indian diaspora

  • Important International institutions, agencies, and fora

    • Structure

    • Mandate