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  • Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until significant events, personalities, and issues.

  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

  • Post-independence Consolidation and Reorganization within the country.

  • History of the World will include events from the 18th century such as the Industrial Revolution, world wars, Redrawal of National Boundaries, Colonization, Decolonization, political philosophies like Communism, Capitalism, Socialism, etc.— their forms and effect on society.

Art & Culture

  • Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times


  • Salient features of the World’s Physical Geography.

  • Distribution of Key Natural Resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Indian Society

  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

  • Role of Women and Women’s Organization, Population and Associated Issues

  • Poverty and Developmental issues,

  • Urbanization, their problems, and their remedies.

  • Effects of Globalization on Indian society.

  • Social Empowerment

  • Communalism

  • Regionalism

  • Secularism.

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